International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental commumtIes over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are inte grated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamina tion and toxicology. This series is reserved exclusively for the diversified litera ture on "toxic" chemicals in our food, our feeds, our homes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic animals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tre mendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, pres ence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest impor tant world literature produced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather, these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest infor mation is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.
Wto Antidumping And Subsidy Agreements : A Practitioner's Guide To "sunset" Reviews In Australia, Canada, The European Union, And The United States
Antidumping and countervailing duty measures can no longer languish on the books eternally. The new 'sunset' provision, agreed to during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations, establishes a five-year time limit (from imposition or last review) on these measures. Maintaining such measures now requires a finding that expiration would likely lead to dumping or subsidization and injury. Many member states, such as the United States, have had to modify their domestic legislation to incorporate the new rules. The commencement of the first round of sunset reviews in the United States is set for July 1998.This timely, practical guide offers all the information on sunset reviews that practitioners in the field need to know. Separate chapters focus on the law and practice on expiration of measures before and after the Uruguay Round for the European Union (EU), Canada, Australia, and the United States--historically the major users of antidumping and countervailing measures.Further chapters include: a concise negotiating history of the provisions for context in understanding future post-Uruguay Round sunset decisions; reviews of applicable legislative provisions and summaries of factors considered in applying provisions in particular cases; procedural background and deadlines for sunset reviews; and a comparison of the procedural requirements and substantive considerations in the sunset review systems.
This book is designed to help you achieve one specific goal. It's not designed to give you the philosophies of conducting research. It's not designed to give you a background in a specific academic discipline or a specific topic. It's not designed to give you theory. It's designed specifically to instruct you in the practicalities of the writing process used to create strong, thorough, and potentially bulletproof literature reviews. This book is the culmination of years of research experience. It's also the culmination of several years of teaching writing and critical thinking to doctoral students. Although it began as a tool for doctoral students, it has been expanded to be useful for everyone from senior high school students through doctoral candidates working on developing their first literature review or a larger literature review than they normally develop. It has been created for everyone from academics to new business entrepreneurs with good ideas who are trying to write their first reviews to support the new idea they're proposing.